ISSN 1694-0423

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(Peer Reviewed Ejournal - Published Biannually)

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Publisher and Editor in Chief

Dr. Arun Kumar Agnihotri
MBBS, MD, Dip. Torture Medicine
Professor and Head
Department of Forensic Medicine and Toxicology
SSR Medical College, Mauritius
Phone Number: 00 230 6750091
Fax Number: 00 230 6988414

Founder Editors

Dr. Arun Kumar Agnihotri MD
(Editor in chief: January 2006-Till date)
Professor and Head, Department of Forensic Medicine
SSR Medical College, Mauritius

Dr. Nilima Jeebun MD
(Execitive Editor: January 2006-December 2009)
Professor and Head, Department of Pathology
SSR Medical College, Mauritius

Dr. Smriti Agnihotri MD
(Associate Editor: January 2006-Till date)
Professor, Department of Pathology
SSR Medical College, Mauritius

Dr. Brijesh Purwar MD
(Associate Editor: January 2006-December2011)
Professor, Department of Physiology
Himalayan Institute of Medical Sciences, India

Executive Editor
Professor Sushil Dawka MBBS, MS
Department of Surgery
SSR Medical College, Mauritius
Deputy Editor in Chief
Professor Theeshan Bahorun PhD
Department of Biosciences
University of Mauritius, Mauritius
Associate Editors
Dr. Hossam M. Ashour PhD
Assistant Professor
Eugene Applebaum College of Pharmacy and Health Sciences
Wayne State University, Michigan, USA
Dr. Vineet Bhandari MBBS, MD, DNB, DM, FAAP
Associate Professor, Department of Pediatrics
Yale University School of Medicine
New Haven, USA

He did his medical school training from the Armed Forces Medical College, Pune, India and then went on to do his pediatric and neonatology training from the Post Graduate Institute of Medical Education and Research, Chandigarh, India.  Subsequently, he finished a residency in pediatrics and a fellowship in neonatal-perinatal medicine from the University of Connecticut, USA.  He is board-certified in both by the American Board of Pediatrics.  He is currently an Associate Professor of Pediatrics at the Yale University School of Medicine and an Attending Neonatologist at the Yale-New Haven Children’s Hospital in the USA.  He has edited the Manual of Neonatology (Peepee Publishers and Distributors (P) Ltd. New Delhi, India. 2008 (  He has authored over 195 book chapters, original research articles and abstracts.  He has presented his research in many national and international conferences.

Dr. Lynne Lim Hsneh Yee MBBS (S'pore), FRCS, FAMS, MPH
Associate Professor and Consultant Surgeon, Department of Otolaryngology
National University of Singapore
Dr. Sanju George MBBS, MRCPsych
Consultant, Addiction Psychiatry and Senior Research Fellow
Birmingham and Solihull Mental Health NHS Trust
England, UK
Dr. Pei-Yi Chu MD
Research and Diagnostic Pathologist, Department of Surgical Pathology
Changhua Christian Hospital, Changhua, Taiwan
Dr. B. B. Gupta MBA, MBBS, DHA
General Practitioner, B-5/157, Safdarjung enclave
New Delhi, India
Professor Smriti Agnihotri MD
Department of Pathology
SSR Medical College, Mauritius
Dr. Hari Shankar Joshi MD
Assistant Professor, Department of Community Medicine
Manipal College of Medical Sciences
Pokhara, Nepal
Dr. Kirti Moham Marya MBBS, MS
Medical Director and Orthopedic Surgeon
Care Plus Medical Center
Dubai, UAE
Dr. (Mrs.) Vandna Jowaheer PhD (Statistics)
Associate Professor, Department of Mathematics
University of Mauritius, Mauritius
Dr. Vineet Gupta MD
House Staff Physician, Department of Medicine
University of Pittsburgh Medical Center (UPMC) Mercy, Pittsburgh
Dr. Vipul D Yagnik MBBS, MS
Consultant Endoscopic and Laparscopic surgeon
Ronak Endo-laparoscopy and general surgical hospital
Patan (Gujarat), India
Dr. Vicky Mody PhD
Assistant Professor, Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences
Appalachian college of Pharmacy
Oakwood, USA
Dr. M Abdul Kareem DMRD, FCIP, FAGE
Professor Madya, Department of Radiology
Universiti Sains Malaysia, Kota Bharu
Dr. S. Manzoor Kadri MBBS, MPH/ICHD
Regional Institute of Health and Family Welfare
Directorate of Health Services
Kashmir, India
Assistant Editor
Dr. Godfred A. Menezes PhD
Assistant Professor cum Scientist
Department of Microbiology/ Central Research Laboratory
Sree Balaji Medical College, Chromepet, Chennai (TN), India
International Advisory / Reviewers' Committee
Prof. S. Shukla Prof. T. K. Gunness
Prof. A. R. Joshi Dr. Nissreen Elfadawy
Prof. R. K. Marya Dr. Shabbir A Andrabi
Dr. M. Prakash Hande Dr. Vandana Jeebun
Prof. Okezie I Aruoma Prof. Ashokkumar Jain
Dr. N. Anbumani Dr. Anurag Tewari
Dr. Pamela Greenwell Dr. Shuchita Garg
Dr. Sanjiv Rughooputh Prof. N. S. Munshi
Dr. Suvarna Joshi Dr. Vani Dandolu
Prof. Pushpa Sodhani Dr. Preeti Kanal
Prof. Vatsala Misra Dr. Smita Goorah
Prof. N. H. Sarma Prof. Nirupa N. Munshi
Prof. Dhirendra Govender Dr. Ajai Singh
Dr. Babita Bhana Prof. Rajendra Badwe
Prof. Shailesh Banerjee Dr. Vani Parmar
Dr. Gopi A. Tejwani Dr. Kanakadurga R. Poduri
Dr. Rahul Deshmukh Prof. Rimli Barthakur
Prof. V. V. Pillay Dr. Arun C. Gulani
Dr. Abdelkader Battah Dr. Santosh K. Katiyar
Prof. Elsheba Mathew Dr. Rojymon Jacob
Prof. R. V. Awate Dr. Anil Bhaya
Dr. Thuan Huu Vo Prof. Vikram Dogra
Dr. Sudesh Gungadin Dr. Natarajan Raghunand
Dr. Ravi Rautji Dr. S. B. Poorun
Prof. B. L. Meel Dr. Anil Mohit
Dr. Steve R Naidoo Dr. M. S. Naga
Dr. Sanjay Gupta Dr. Braj Bhushan
Dr. G. K. Chetan Dr. Chao Siew Shuen
Dr. Longfei Huo Prof. D. P. Naidoo
Dr. Anthony A Oyekunle Dr. Linda Van Ryneveld
Prof. A. P. Singh Dr. Gurunanthan Palani
Dr. Suranjana Ray Dr. Ming Li
Prof. J. S. Narayan Dr. Yatan Pal Singh Balhara
Dr. Sandip Hindocha Dr. Godfred Antony Menezes
Dr. Abdul Shukkur M Farooq Dr. Anil Kumar Jain
Dr. Apurva Badheka Dr. Syed Sadat Ali
Dr. Ankit Sakhuja Dr. Jiang Qian
Dr. Abimbola Farinde Dr. Neergheen-B Vidushi Shradha
Dr. Naveen Patil  
Basic Sciences

Prof. (Mrs.) S Shukla MBBS, MS
Head, Department of Anatomy,
Principal, SSR Medical College, Belle Rive, Mauritius

Prof. A R Joshi MBBS MD
Head, Department of Physiology,
B V Medical College, Pune, India

Prof. R K Marya MD, PhD
Head, Department of Physiology,
Asian institute of Medicine, Science and Technology, Malaysia

Dr. Syed Sadat Ali MBBS, MD
Assistant Professor, Department of Physiology
Dr B R Ambedkar Medical College, Bangalore, India

Dr. M. P. Hande PhD (Radiobiology)
Associate Professor, Department of Physiology,
Yong Loo Lin School of Medicine, National University of Singapore, Singapore

Dr. Jiang Qian PhD
Department of Medicine, Duke University Medical Center,
Durham, NC,USA

Prof. O. I. Aruoma PhD, DSc, FRSC
Dean, American University of Health Sciences,
Signal Hill, CA 90755, USA

Dr. N. Anbumani MD PhD
Associate Professor, Department of Microbiology,
Sri Ramachandra Medical College & Research Institute, Chennai, India

Dr. Pamela Greenwell PhD
Molecular and Medical Microbiology, Research Director, School of Biosciences, University of Westminster, London, UK

Dr. Sanjiv Rughooputh PhD
Senior Lecturer/Clinical Microbiologist, Department of Biological Sciences, University of Essex, Wivenhoe Park, Essex, UK

Dr. Suvarna Joshi PhD
Associate Professor, Department of Microbiology,
SBH Government Medical College, Dhule (Maharashtra), India

Dr. Godfred Antony Menezes PhD
Assistant Professor, Department of Microbiology,
SSR Medical College, Mauritius

Prof. (Mrs.) Pushpa Sodhani MD
Deputy Director and Chief, Diagnostic Cytopathology,
Iinstitute of Cytology and Preventive Oncology, Noida (UP), India

Prof. (Mrs.) Vatsala Misra MD, FICPath
Department of Pathology,
MLN Medical College, Allahabad (UP), India

Prof. N. H. Sarma MD
Department of Pathology,
Al - Arab Medical University, Benghazi, Libya

Prof. Dhirendra Govender FRCPath
Head, Department of Anatomical Pathology,
Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Cape Town, South Africa

Dr. Babita Bhana FCfor.Path, Dip.FM
Department of Anatomical Pathology,
University of Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, South Africa

Professor Shailesh Banerjee PhD
Department of Physiology and Pharmacology,
City University of New York Medical School, New York, USA

Dr. Gopi A. Tejwani PhD
Associate Professor, Department of Pharmacology,
College of Medicine, The Ohio State University, Columbus, Ohio, USA

Dr. Rahul Deshmukh PhD
Research Pharmacologist - Drug Metabolism,
Abbott, Abbott Park, Illinois, USA

Dr. Anil Kumar Jain PhD
Research Associate, Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences,
School of Pharmacy, University of Colorado Denver, USA

Dr. Abdul Shukkur M Farooq PhD
Department of Pharmacy Practice, EACPHS,
Wayne State University, Detroit, MI, USA

Prof. R. V. Awate MD
Head, Department of Community Medicine/Public Health,
College of Health Sciences, Ministry of Health, Kingdom of Bahrain

Dr. Thuan Huu Vo MD, MPH
Head of Planning Division,
Institute of Hygiene and Public Health, Vietnam

Dr. Sudesh Gungadin MD
Principal Police Medical Officer,
Police Medical Division, Port Louis, Mauritius

Dr. Ravi Rautji MD
Associate Professor, Department of Forensic Medicine,
Armed Force Medical College, Pune (Maharashtra), India

Prof. B L Meel MD, DHSM, DOH
Head, Department of Forensic Medicine,
Faculty of Health Sciences, Walter Sisulu University, South Africa

Dr. Steve R Naidoo MBChB, DFM, MMed
Associate Professor, Department of Forensic Medicine,Nelson R. Mandela School of Medicine, University of KwaZulu Natal, Durban, South Africa

Dr. Sanjay Gupta MD, DNB
Assistant Professor, Department of Forensic Medicine,
Pramukhswami Medical College, Karamsad, Gujarat, India

Prof. V. V. Pillay MD, DCL
Chief, Department of Analytical Toxicology,
Amrita Institute of Medical Sciences, Cochin, India

Dr. Abdelkader Battah MBBS, PhD
Forensic Medicine and Toxicology Section, Faculty of Medicine,
University of Jordan, Amman, Jordan

Dr. Kewal Krishan MSc, PhD
Lecturer, Department of Anthropology,
Punjab University, Chandigarh, India

Dr. A. A. Oyekunle MBBS, FMCPath
Lecturer and Consultant Hematologist, Department of Hematologist,
Obafemi Awolowo University, Ile-Ife, Nigeria

Prof. Elsheba Mathew MD, MPhil
Department of Community Medicine,
Gulf Medical University, Ajman, UAE

Dr. Naveen Patil MD, MHA
Arkansas Department of Health
University of Arkansas for Medical Sciences, Little Rock, AR, USA

Dr. Suranjana Ray MSc, PhD
Associate Professor, Department of Physiology,
SSR Medical College, Mauritius

Prof. A P Singh MS
Department of Anatomy,
SSR Medical College, Mauritius

Dr. G. K. Chetan PhD
Associate Professor, Department of Human Genetics,
National Institute of Mental Health & Neuro Sciences, Bangalore, Karnataka, India

Dr. Longfei Huo PhD
Department of Molecular and Cellular Oncology, M.D. Anderson Cancer Center, University of Texas, Houston, TX 77054, USA

Dr. Ming Li PhD
Research Scientist, Ludwig Institute for Cancer Research,
University of California, San Diego, USA

Prof. Jangle Suresh Narayan PhD
Head, Department of Biochemistry,
Rural Medical College, Loni, Maharashtra, India

Dr. Linda Van Ryneveld PhD
Director, Curriculum Development and Support,
Tshwane University of Technology, South Africa

Dr. Neergheen-B Vidushi Shradha PhD
Department of Health Sciences
University of Mauritius, Réduit, Mauritius

Clinical Sciences

Prof. T K Gunness MD CE
Director, Cardiac Center, SSRN Hospital,
Ministry of Health and Quality of Life, Mauritius

Dr. Nissreen Elfadawy MBCHB, MD
Assistant Lecturer, Glickman Urological and Kidney Institute,
Cleveland Clinic, Cleveland, OH, USA

Dr. Gurunanthan Palani MBBS MD
Assistant Professor, Department of Internal Medicine,
McLaren/Michigan State University, Michigan-48532, USA

Dr. Ankit Sakhuja MD
Fellow, Division of Nephrology and Hypertension,
Cleveland Clinic, Cleveland, OH, USA

Dr. Apurva Badheka MD,
Cardiology housestaff, University of Miami/Jackson Memorial Hospital,
Miami, FL 33136, United States

Dr. Shabbir Ahmad Andrabi MBBS, MD
Chief, Critical Care Medicine, Damman Central Hospital,
Eastern Province, Damman, Saudi Arabia

Dr. Vandana Jeebun MBBS, MRCP
Registrar, Respiratory Medicine, University Hospital of North Durham, Durham DH, 5TW, UK

Dr. Sandip Hindocha MBChB, MRCS (Eng)
Clinical Lecturer / Registrar Plastic Surgery
Whiston Teaching Hospital, Liverpool, UK

Prof. Ashokkumar Jain MD
Abdominal Organ Transplant Program,
Temple University Hospital, Philadelphia, USA

Dr. Anurag Tewari MD
Assistant Professor, Department of Anesthesiology,
Dayanand Medical College and Hospital, Ludhiana (punjab), India

Dr. Shuchita Garg DA, DNB, MNAMA
Senior Consultant, Department of Critical Care,
Dayanand Medical College and Hospital, Ludhiana (punjab), India

Prof. N. S. Munshi MD, DGO
Head, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology,
SSR Medical College, Belle Rive, Mauritius

Dr. Vani Dandolu MD, MPH
Associate Professor, Obstetrics and Gynecology, Urology and Public Health, Temple University School of Medicine, Philadelphia, USA

Dr. Preeti Kanal MS
Lecturer, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology,
MLB Medical College, Jhansi (UP), India

Dr. Smita Goorah MBBch, MRCP
Head, Department of Medicine,
University of Mauritius, Mauritius

Prof. (Mrs.) Nirupa N Munshi MD
Head, Department of Pediatrics,
SSR Medical College, Belle Rive, Mauritius

Dr. Ajai Singh MS
Assistant professor, Department of Orthopedics,
King George Medical University, Lucknow (UP), India

Dr. Kanakadurga R. Poduri MD
Medical director, Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation,
University of Rochester Medical Center, Rochester, USA

Prof. Rimli Barthakur MS
Head, Department of Ophthalmology,
SSR Medical College, Belle Rive, Mauritius

Dr. Arun C. Gulani MD, MS
Director, Gulani Vision Institute,
4500 Salisbury Road, Suite 160, Jacksonville, Florida, USA

Dr. Anil Bhaya MD, DNB
Director, Department of Radiology,
Apollo Bramwell Hospital, Moka, Mauritius

Prof. Vikram Dogra MD
Director of Ultrasound, Department of Imaging Sciencies,
University of Rochester School of Medicine, Rochester, USA

Dr. Natarajan Raghunand MS, PhD
Associate Research Professor, Department of Radiology,
The University of Arizona, Tucson, USA

Dr. Rojymon Jacob MD, DMRT FRCR
Assistant Professor, Department of Radiation Oncology,
School of Medicine, University of Alabama, Birmingham, Alabama, USA

Dr. S B Poorun MD
Consultant, Department of Radiotherapy,
Victoria Hospital, Ministry of Health and Quality of Life, Mauritius

Dr. Anil Mohit MBChB, MRCP
Specialist, Department of Medical Oncology,
Victoria Hospital, Ministry of Health and Quality of Life, Mauritius

Professor Rajendra Badwe MS
Head, Department of Surgical Oncology (Breast Unit),
Director, Tata Memorial Hospital, Mumbai (Maharashtra), India

Dr. Vani Parmar MS, DNB (Surgery)
Associate Professor, Department of Surgical Oncology,
Tata Memorial Hospital, Mumbai (Maharashtra), India

Dr. Santosh K. Katiyar PhD
Associate Professor, Department of Dermatology,
Environmental Health Sciences, University of Alabama, Birmingham AL, USA

Dr. (Mrs.) M S Naga FRCPsych, DPM
Consultant in charge, Brown Sequard Mental Health Care Centre,
Beau Bassin, Mauritius

Dr. Yatan Pal Singh Balhara MD, DNB (Psychiatry)
Assistant Professor, Department of Psychiatry
Lady Harding Medical College & SSK Hospital, New Delhi, India

Dr. Braj Bhushan PhD
Assistant Professor, Clinical Psychology,
Indian Institute of Technology, Kanpur (UP), India

Dr. Abimbola Farinde Pharm D, MS (Psycology)
Clinical Pharmacist Speciatist in Psychiatry and Geriatrics
Clear Lake Regional Medical Center, Webster, Texas, USA

Dr. Chao Siew Shuen MBBS, FRCS
Associate Professor, Department of Otolaryngology
National University Health System, Singapore

Prof. D. P. Naidoo MBChB, DCH, FRCP
Chief Professor and Head, Department of Cardiology,
University Kwazulu, Natal, South Africa

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