Received: May 14, 2011
Accepted: August 12, 2010
Ref: Amole IO, OlaOlorun AD, Owolabi AO. Prevalence of obesity and hypertension among adults in Ogbomoso, Nigeria. Internet J Med Update. 2011 Jul;6(2):9-14.
PREVALENCE OF OBESITY AND HYPERTENSION AMONG ADULTS IN OGBOMOSO, NIGERIA
Isaac Olusayo Amole FWACP(FM), Akintayo David OlaOlorun FMCGP and Akinwumi Olayinka Owolabi FWACP(FM)
Department of Family Medicine, Baptist Medical Centre (now Bowen University Teaching Hospital) Ogbomoso, Oyo State, Nigeria
(Corresponding Author: Dr. Isaac Olusayo Amole, Department of Family Medicine, Bowen University Teaching Hospital, PO Box 15, Ogbomoso, Oyo State, Nigeria; Phone: +2348057078851; Email: email@example.com)
Developing countries are now witnessing an increase in overweight; obesity and obesity-related morbidity. We determined the prevalence of obesity using the measure of body mass index (BMI) and hypertension and the association between obesity and hypertension among adults in Ogbomoso, Nigeria. A cross-sectional descriptive study of 400 adults was carried out. Participants were administered a standardized questionnaire and had measurements of weight, height and blood pressure taken. Four hundred subjects were randomly selected (221 females and 179 males) with a mean age of 48.65 ± 16.56 years. The overall prevalence of obesity was 14.75% (8.9% for males and 19.5% for females). In addition, 62.4% of the females were sedentary as compared to 50.8% of the males and the difference is statistically significant. The families of most of the subjects who were obese (88.1%) preferred high calorie diets. The prevalence of hypertension among the study population was 50.5% [49.3% for female and 52.0% for males (p>0.05)]. The prevalence of hypertension among the subjects who were obese was 72.9%. Obesity in this environment is particularly significant among females and is associated with hypertension, physical inactivity and the consumption of high calorie diets.
KEY WORDS: Body mass index; Obesity; Hypertension; Nigeria