Received: December 04, 2011
Accepted: April 19, 2012
Choudhury N, Hagjer S. Masquerading Mycobacterium: Rectal Growth or Tuberculosis? Internet J Med Update. 2013 Jan;8(1):42-44.

Masquerading Mycobacterium: Rectal Growth or Tuberculosis?

Nabajit Choudhury MS and Sumitra Hagjer MS

Department of Surgery, Silchar Medical College, Silchar, Assam, India

(Corresponding Author: Dr. Nabajit Choudhury, 1508, W Harrison St, 2D, Chicago, IL-60607, USA; Phone: +8609703362; Email:


A 37-year old male presented to us with history of lower abdominal pain for 6 months. His physical examination revealed a rectal mass of approximately 1centimeter. He was investigated for possible rectal growth with sigmoidoscopy and biopsy. The histopathological examination (HPE) showed a non-specific chronic inflammation in the tissue from the mass. Another tissue from the mass was sent for polymerase chain reaction (PCR) for tuberculosis, which turned out to be positive. The patient was started on standard anti tubercular (ATT) regimen and responded completely to the treatment. We discuss the patient and review some of the available literature on the topic and discuss the issue of considering a diagnosis of tuberculosis in cases with rectal mass specially when it has become a major public health issue with increasing number of HIV (Human Immunodeficiency Virus) infected patients.

KEY WORDS: Rectal TB; Tuberculosis; Rectal Growth